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Open Access Review

Improving efficiency of sow productivity: nutrition and health

Sung Woo Kim*, Alexandra C Weaver, Yan Bin Shen and Yan Zhao

Author Affiliations

Department of Animal Science, North Carolina State University, North Carolina, Raleigh 27695, USA

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Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology 2013, 4:26  doi:10.1186/2049-1891-4-26

Published: 26 July 2013

Abstract

This reviews research focused to understand the nutrient requirement and balance to meet the needs of fetal growth, mammary growth, and milk production. This summary will handle how feeding strategies can be adjusted according to the nutrient needs for a sow to enhance productivity and health. Most research data used in this summary are based on the studies conducted by the authors between 1996 and 2013. Nutrient requirements of sows are affected by stage of gestation and parity of sows. Dietary antioxidant concentrations need to be re-evaluated for its sufficiency in sow diets especially to prevent excessive oxidative stress during late gestation and lactation. When feeding sows, consideration of phase feeding of gestating sows and parity feeding of lactating sows could enhances production longevity and health of sows. Use of selected nutrients and additives seems to help productivity and health of sows.

Keywords:
Colostrum; Gestation; Lactation; Milk; Nutrition; Pig