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Open Access Research

Pigs fed camelina meal increase hepatic gene expression of cytochrome 8b1, aldehyde dehydrogenase, and thiosulfate transferase

William Jon Meadus1*, Pascale Duff1, Tanya McDonald2 and William R Caine3

Author Affiliations

1 AAFC-Lacombe, 6000 C&E Trail, Lacombe, AB, Canada T4L 1 W1

2 School of Innovation, Olds College, 4500-50th St., Olds, AB, Canada T4H 1R6

3 Caine Research Consulting, Box #1124, Nisku, AB, Canada T9E 8A8

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Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology 2014, 5:1  doi:10.1186/2049-1891-5-1

Published: 3 January 2014

Abstract

Camelina sativa is an oil seed crop which can be grown on marginal lands. Camelina seed oil is rich in omega-3 fatty acids (>35%) and γ-tocopherol but is also high in erucic acid and glucosinolates. Camelina meal, is the by-product after the oil has been extracted. Camelina meal was fed to 28 d old weaned pigs at 3.7% and 7.4% until age 56 d. The camelina meal supplements in the soy based diets, improved feed efficiency but also significantly increased the liver weights. Gene expression analyses of the livers, using intra-species microarrays, identified increased expression of phase 1 and phase 2 drug metabolism enzymes. The porcine versions of the enzymes were confirmed by real time PCR. Cytochrome 8b1 (CYP8B1), aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (Aldh2), and thiosulfate transferase (TST) were all significantly stimulated. Collectively, these genes implicate the camelina glucosinolate metabolite, methyl-sulfinyldecyl isothiocyanate, as the main xeniobiotic, causing increased hepatic metabolism and increased liver weight.

Keywords:
Camelina meal; Gene expression; Glucosinolates; Pig liver